Civil Engineering, Tarbiat Modarres University
According to the current Airport planning and design practices, for a given demand level there is a corresponding space requirement. While in practice, there are always trade-offs between cost and levels of service, labor and automation, equipment and fixed facilities, and expansion of existing facilities and the addition of new ones. In this research, the airport passenger Terminal Building (PTB) was divided into several segments (components of the PTB system). Each segment has its own set of characteristics such as; unit operational and maintenance cost, level of service standards, and variable traffic demand pattern. The optimization model which is discussed in this paper determines the optimum required resources for each segment of the PTB ro perform its activity taking into account the operational and maintenance cost involved and the level of service provided to the users.