Simulation Study on Efficiency of Woven Matrix Wire and Tube Heat Exchanger

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia


Wire and tube heat exchanger has been utilized in refrigerators whose cooling performance depends on how much the wire are releasing heat. Wire efficiency is an important factor of the performance. The woven matrix is a new design of wire configuration on wire and tube heat exchanger. This research focused on optimization design of woven matix by varying wire pitch (pw 5,7,9 mm) and three inlet massflows with controlling the hot fluid temperature at 353K.  Computational Fluid Dynamic Simulation is used to determine heat transfer distribution of fluid in tube. The validation was conducted experimentally by measuring 9 temperature points at heat exchanger.  This research  revealed that pw 7 mm with massflow rate 0.000571kg/s can decrease fluid temperature until it reaches 30oC with all wires working to release the heat and it results 74% wire efficiency. Then, pw 9 mm with massflow 0.0011kg/s has 64% wire efficiency, it was because the heat exchanger cannot decrease the fluid temperature to 303K. At high massflow, heat exchanger need more wire to decrease the temperature down to 303K. This research is recommended for cooling system widely applied in food industry, an optimal cooling system will reduce the cost of electricity consumption for cooler.


Wu, F., Lu, Y., Wang, M., Zhang, X., Yang, C., “Catalytic Removal of Ozone by Pd/ACFs and Optimal Design of Ozone Converter for Air Purification in Aircraft Cabin”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 5, No. 8, (2019), 1656-1671. Doi: 10.28991/cej-2019-03091361.
Akbar, F.R., Arsana, I M., “Effect of Wire Pitch on Capacity of Single Staggered Wire and Tube Heat Exchanger Using Computational Fluid Dynamics”, International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications”,  Vol.33, No. 8, (2020), 1637-1642.  Doi:10.5829/IJE.2020.33.08B.
Badwar, S.R., Joshi, M., Mandale, S., Kujur, A., “Experimentation and Performance Analysis of Natural Draft Wire and Tube Condenser”, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 3, (2019), 4303-4308. Doi: 10.35940/ijrte.c5174.098319. 
Wei, J., Liu, J., Xu, X., Ruan, J., Li, G., “Experimental and Computational Investigation of the Thermal Performance of a Vertical Tube Evaporative Condenser”, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 160, (2019), 114100. Doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114100.
Kumra, A., Rawal, N., Samui, P., “Prediction of Heat Transfer Rate of a Wire-on-Tube Type Heat Exchanger: An Artificial Intelligence Approach”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 64, (2013), 74-83. Doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2013.09.078.
Arsana, I M., Budhikardjono, K., Susianto., Altway, A., “Modelling of The Single Staggered Wire and Tube Heat Exchanger”, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 11, No. 8, (2016), 5591-5599.
Arsana, I M., Budhikardjono, K., Susianto., Altway, A., “Optimization of the Single Staggered Wire and Tube Heat Exchanger”, MATEC Web of Conference, No. 58, (2016), 01017. Doi: 10.1051/matecconf/20165801017.
Kostikov, Y.A., Romanenkov, A.M., “Approximation of Multidimensional Optimal Control Problem for the Heat Equation (Applicable to Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD))”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 6, No.4, (2020), 743-768. Doi: 10.28991/cej-2020-03091506.
Sengupta, A. R., Gupta, R., Biswas, A., “Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of Stove Systems for Cooking and Drying of Muga Silk”, Emerging Science Journal, Vol. 3, No. 5, (2019), 285-292. Doi: 10.28991/esj-2019-01191.
Yamini, O.A., Mousavi, S.H., Kavianpour, M.R., Movahedi, A., “Numerical Modelling of Sediment Scouring Phenomenon Around the Offshore Wind Turbine Pile in Marine Environment”, Enviromental Earth Sciences, Vol. 77, No. 23, (2018), 776. Doi: 10.1007/s12665-018-7967-4.
Rahate, S.D., Sarode, A.D., “Design of Distribution System for Operation Theatre Using Flow Visualization Techniques to Improve Flow Characteristics”, International Journal of Engineering: Transaction A: Basics, Vol. 33, No. 01, (2020), 164-169. Doi: 10.5829/ije.2020.33.01a.19.
Rani, B.U., Thermal, M.E., “Analysis of Heat Transfer Through External Fins Using CFD Tool” International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research, Vol. 4, No. 12, (2017), 81-87. Doi: 10.21884/ijmter.2017.4385.67dgg.
Gonul, A., Agra, O., Atayilmaz, O., Demir, H., Sevendir, Kemal, M., Teke, “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Air Side Forced Convection on Wire-on-Tube Condensers”, International Journal of Thermal Science, Vol. 151, (2020), 106241. Doi: 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2019.106241.