Life Prediction of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers using Time Temperature Shift Factor

Document Type: Original Article

Author

1 a Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Taif University, Al-Hawiah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

2 Bristol Composites Institute (ACCIS), Department of Aerospace Engineering, Queen's Building, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Abstract

The properties of Carbon Fiber–Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) are greatly affected under extreme environmental conditions. This paper reports  an experimental study to determine the response of IM7-carbon/977-2 cycom epoxy laminates under different humidity and temprature conditions. Short-term 3-point bending creep tests using Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) were used to test the dry and saturated samples at various temperature levels.  The dry coupons were tested at  the room temperature (RT) and at 60-120 °C with 20 °C increment and then at 130 °C, 150-180 °C with 10 °C increment for each next test. The saturated (wet) coupons were tested at RT, 40 - 120 °C with 10 °C increment in temperature for each next test and at 145 °C, 150 °C, and 160 °C. The time-temperature shift factor (TTSF) was applied and it is shown that the viscoelastic behavior of the invetigated IM7-carbon/977-2 epoxy laminates, is accurately predicted through the use of TTSF. It has also been shown that determining the viscoelastic behavior at elevated temperatures helps to predict temperature below the glass transition temperature using TTSF. The long-term life of the material is relatively easily predicted using TTSF by conducting traditional short-term laboratory tests.

Keywords