Document Type: Original Article
Department of Electrical Engineering, VJTI Mumbai, India
This work presents a technique for the analysis of facial electromyogram signal activities to classify five different facial expressions for computer-muscle interfacing applications. Facial electromyogram (FEMG) is a technique for recording the asynchronous activation of neuronal inside the face muscles with non-invasive electrodes. FEMG pattern recognition is a difficult task for the researcher, where classification accuracy is key concerns. Artifacts, such as eyeblink activity and electroencephalogram (EEG) signals interference, can corrupt these FEMG signals and directly affected the classification results. In this work, a robust wavelet-based thresholding technique, which comprised of a wavelet transform (WT) method and the statistical threshold, is proposed to remove the different artifacts from FEMG datasets and improve recognition accuracy rate. A set of five different raw FEMG data set was analyzed. Four wavelet basis functions, namely, haar, coif3, sym3, and bior4.4, were considered. The performance parameters (signal-to-artifact ratio (SAR) and normalized mean square error (NMSE) were utilized to understand the effect of the proposed signal denoising protocol. After denoising, the effectiveness of different statically features has been extracted. Two pattern recognition algorithms support vector machine (SVM) and the least square support vector machine (LSSVM) are implemented to classify extracted features. The performance accuracy of SVM and LSSVM classifier was evaluated and compared to know which classifier is the best for facial expression classification. The results showed that: (i) the proposed technique for denoising, improves the performance parameter results; (ii) The proposed work gives the best 95.24% classification accuracy.