IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 29, No. 7 (July 2016) 921-930    Article in Press

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H. Hamidi and A. Daraei
( Received: March 27, 2016 – Accepted in Revised Form: June 02, 2016 )

Abstract    Today, a great deal of data is generated in the medical field. Acquiring useful knowledge from this raw data requires data processing and detection of meaningful patterns and this objective can be achieved through data mining. Using data mining to diagnose and prognose heart diseases has become one of the areas of interest for researchers in recent years. In this study, the literature on the application of classification algorithms for heart disease will be reviewed. The present study is an attempt to evaluate the studies carried out in this field so that the results of this review may lead to development of a clear view on the future studies. Here, first, the major medical tasks are specified and then, each article is investigated based on these tasks. Finally, some results, in terms of frequency algorithms in the use of classification algorithms, pre-processing and post-processing methods, will be provided. In this study, 49 articles obtained from similar studies with related subject matters, (from 2003 to 2015) are collected and reviewed. Obviously, the number of articles on applications of classification algorithms in heart disease is quite significant, therefore, it is impossible to review all of them in the present study. It is hoped that this study can provide results that pave the path for future research and further developments in this area.


Keywords    : Data mining; Classification; Heart disease; Diagnosis; Prognosis; Treatment.


چکیده    امروز، در زمینه پزشکی حجم زیادی داده تولید می شود. کسب دانش مفید از این داده های خام، نیازمند پردازش داده ها و تشخیص الگوهای بامعنی می باشد و این هدف با استفاده از داده کاوی قابل دستیابی است. استفاده از داده کاوی برای تشخیص و پیش بینی بیماری های قلبی، در سال های اخیر یکی از زمینه های مورد علاقه محققان بوده است. در این مطالعه، مروری بر کاربرد الگوریتم های دسته بندی در بیماری های قلبی انجام شده است. مطالعه حاضر، تلاشی برای ارزیابی مطالعات انجام شده در این زمینه می باشد، به طوریکه نتایج حاصل از این بررسی می تواند به دید واضح و روشنی برای مطالعات آینده منجر شود. در ابتدا، وظایف اصلی پزشکی مشخص شده و پس از آن، هر مقاله بر اساس این وظایف بررسی شده است. در نهایت، نتایج از نظر فراوانی استفاده از الگوریتم های دسته بندی، روش های پیش پردازش و پس پردازش، ارائه شده اند. در این مطالعه، 49 مقاله از مطالعات مشابه و با موضوعات مرتبط (از سال2003 تا 2015) جمع آوری و بررسی شده است. بدیهی است که تعداد مقالات در مورد استفاده از الگوریتم های دسته بندی در بیماری های قلبی بسیار قابل توجه است، بنابراین، بررسی همه آنها در مطالعه حاضر، غیر ممکن می باشد. امید است که نتایج این مطالعه، مسیری برای پیشرفت های تحقیقاتی بیشتر در آینده در این حوزه فراهم نماید.


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