IJE TRANSACTIONS C: Aspects Vol. 31, No. 9 (September 2018) 1480-1486    Article in Press

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Tiara, T. E. Agustina and M. Faizal
( Received: November 10, 2017 – Accepted in Revised Form: July 01, 2018 )

Abstract    Rubber wood (Ficus elastica) is one of the biomass waste that can be used as raw material for gasification process, and has a calorific value of 4069 cal/g. Gasification is a process to convert a solid fuels to syngas (CO, CH4, and H2) through a partially combustion process using limited air between 20% to 40% of air stoichiometry. Depending on the direction of airflow, the gasifier are classified as updraft, downdraft, and cross-flow. The downdraft type of gasifier produces a lower tar content than updraft type.The gasification of rubber wood and rubber wood-coal mixture were carried out in this research. The purpose of the research is to determine the effect of Air Fuel Ratio (AFR) and temperature on calorific value and composition of syngas using a downdraft gasifier.The variations of AFR were 0.64, 0.95, and 1.26. The temperature of gasification was varied between 600-1000ºC. The result showed that the percentage of CO, H2, and CH4 decreased with increasing of AFR and decrease in calorific value. The calorific value of syngas increased along with the temperature.The use of coal in the gasification process can maintain the stable combustion temperatures and increase the syngas produced. The best-operating conditions in this research occurred at AFR of 0.64, temperature of 800ºC and use of coal as a stabilizer.At this condition, the percentage of syngas of 35.95% of CO, 15.95% of H2, 9.38% of CH4, and caloric value of 9.42 MJ/m3 was obtained. The highest gasification yield of 35.75% was also reached.


Keywords    Rubber Wood, Gasification, Downdraft Gasifier, Syngas, LHV



چوب لاستیک (Ficus elastica) یکی از زباله‌های زیست توده است که می‌تواند به عنوان مواد خام برای فرایند گازیفیکاسیون مورد استفاده قرار گیرد و مقدار کالری مصرفی آن 4069 کالری بر گرم است. گازیفیکاسیون فرایندی است که به وسیله یک فرآیند احتراق بخشی با استفاده از هوای محدود بین 20 تا 40 درصد از استوکیومتری هوا، سوخت جامد برای گاز سنتز (CO، CH4 و H2) را در اختیار دارد. بسته به جهت جریان هوا، گازسنج به عنوان جریان گاز بسوی بالا و یا بسوی پائین، و جریان متقابل دسته‌بندی می‌شود. نوع دیزل ژنراتور تولید محتوای کمتری نسبت به نوع جریان دارد. گازیفیکاسیون چوب لاستیکی و مخلوط چوب و چوب لاستیکی در این تحقیق انجام شد. هدف از تحقيق، تعيين تأثير نسبت سوخت هوايي (AFR) و دما بر ارزش حرارتي و ترکيب گاز سنتز با استفاده از گازسوز سازي در جهت پائین است. تغییرات AFR، 64/0، 95/0 و 26/1 بود. دمای گازسیون بین 600 تا 1000 درجه سانتی‌گراد متغیر بود. نتايج نشان داد که درصد CO، H2 و CH4 با افزايش AFR و کاهش ارزش کالري کاهش مي‌يابد. مقدار کالری گاز سنتز همراه با درجه حرارت افزایش می‌یابد. استفاده از زغال سنگ در فرایند گازیفیکاسیون می‌تواند دمای احتراق پایدار را حفظ و تولید همزمان گاز را افزایش دهد. بهترین شرایط در این تحقیق در AFR 64/0، دمای 800 درجه سانتی‌گراد و استفاده از زغال سنگ به عنوان یک تثبیت‌کننده انجام شد. در این شرایط درصد سنتز گازی 95/35% CO، 95/15% H2، 28/9% CH4 و مقدار کالری 42/9 MJ/m3 بدست آمد. بالاترین مقدار گازیفیکاسیون 75/35% نیز به دست آمده است.


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