IJE TRANSACTIONS C: Aspects Vol. 31, No. 3 (March 2018) 511-515    Article in Press

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A. Lekomtsev, K. Vyatkin and D. Martyushev
( Received: May 22, 2017 – Accepted in Revised Form: October 12, 2017 )

Abstract    On the basis of key ways of oily waste treatment in Russia which has been described in the article and on the example of oil-contaminated soil (OCS) treatment there can be considered two most widespread technologies: bioremediation and thermal recovery. We developed the process flow sheet of the equipment (UT-2S) for industrial oily wastes treatment on the basis of high temperature air tight decomposition of oily waste. We have also worked out criteria of prime cost, OCS treatment period as well as OCS purification efficiency and industrial emission of harmful substances of each technology of oily waste treatment with the aim of its comparison. The analysis of the results received during this work makes possible to find out advantages and disadvantages of OCS recycling technologies and to evaluate efficiency of each technology.


Keywords    oily waste, oil-contaminated soil treatment, bioremediation, thermal decomposition of soil


چکیده    این مقاله یر پایه تصفیه پساب نفتی بوده و نمونه ای از خاک آلوده به مواد نفتی بر حسب تکنولوژی متداول به دو روش بیوریمیدیاسیون و تکنولوژی بازیافت حرارتی مورد بررسی قرارداده است. در این مقاله شمای فرایتدی با واحدها و دستگاههای طراحی شده ارائه گردید. این تکنیک قادربه تجزیه حرارتی مواد و پساب نفتی می باشد. ما همچنین به هزینه های فرایند و بازدهی آن برای حذف مواد آلاینده خاک و ترکیبات نفتی دست یافته ایم. این مقاله مزایا و معایب فرایتد را ارزیابی می نماید. بنظر میرسد این تکنولوژی برای تصغیه پساب نفتی و خاک آلوده به مواذ نفتی راه حل مفید و سودمندی را ارائه نموده است.

References    1. Annamalai, S., “A study of bioremediation of oil-contaminated soil”, Lamar University, Beaumont, (1994).2. Kuritsyn, A., Kuritsyna, T., Kataeva, I., “Bioremediation of contaminated soils at the sites tehnolgicheskih”, Bulletin of Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vol. 13, № 1-5, (2011), pp. 1271-1273.3. Macnaughton, S., Stephen, J., Chang, Y., White, D., Venosa, A., Davis, G., “Microbial population changes during bioremediation of an experimental oil spill”, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 65, № 8, (1999), pp. 3566-3574.4. Margesin, R., Hämmerle, M., Tscherko, D, “Microbial activity and community composition during bioremediation of diesel-oil-contaminated soil: effects of hydrocarbon concentration, fertilizers, and incubation time”, Microbial Ecology, Vol. 53, № 2, (2007), pp. 259-269.5.Rowsell, S., “Characterization of Cold-Climate Crude Oil-Degrading Microbial Communities”, 4h International Symposium on Subsurface Microbiology Conference Proceedings, Vail, Colorado, 1999.6. Technological regulations for waste disposal MUP Perm region for work on detoxification of oil-contaminated soil and ground (the State Environmental Expertise from 09.02.2006, №90-E)7. Patent for utility model №75711, F 23 G 5/14, 2008.8. Safe levels of harmful substances in the environment, Syeverodonetsk: VNIITBHP, 1990.9. Lazarev, N., Levine, E., “Harmful substances in industry. Handbook for chemists, engineers and doctors”, Vol. 1, 7th ed., Chemistry, 1976.10.Harun, L., “Department of Environmental Protection Perm region”, OSU "Research Center", 2006.11.Resolution of the chief sanitary doctor of the Russian Federation dated 30 April 2003 №76 for enforcing hygiene standards “Maximum allowable concentration (MAC) of harmful substances in the air of the working area GN”. 12.Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of January 27, 2009 №53 “On the implementation of state control in the field of environmental protection (State Environmental Control)”. 13.Federal Law № 7 “On Environmental Protection”, 10 January 2002. 14.Commission staff working document. Community Implementation Plan for the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Brussels, 9.3.2007, SEC, (2007). 15.GOST 12.1.005-88, “General hygiene requirements to the working area”.

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